The Cultural and Historical Heritage of Belgrade
Each of our destinations has a unique story, and each stone of every temple has its interesting history because Belgrade has a diversity of people who met here.
Choose one of the thematic tours of the cultural and historical heritage of our capital, according to your wishes and interests, with tour guides in different languages.
Belgrade, as one of the oldest cities in Europe, during its rich and turbulent history, was a meeting place for many peoples. Today, over 90% of its citizens are Orthodox. Belgrade and its buildings bear witness to the presence of many cultures and religions. Although the civilizations that existed and still exist on the territory of our capital differ in history, culture, and tradition, Belgrade faithfully preserves the testimonies of many past years and centuries and thus becomes a treasury of architectural treasures. Together with our guide, visit the precious monuments of different religions and learn about the religious and SFRY heritage of this world metropolis. We visit temples, cathedrals, synagogues, and other religious monuments and cultural assets, both of the Serbian people and the Islamic, Jewish, and other communities.
Belgrade is a world.
Serbs accepted Christianity at the time of the Serbian prince Mutimir in the 9th century, and at the end of the same century, the first Serbian dioceses were mentioned. The personality and work of Saint Sava, the first Serbian archbishop, are certainly of crucial importance for Serbian Christianity. The Serbian Church is the guardian of the state idea. It developed alongside the growth and creation of the Serbian state. In times of non-existence of the Serbian state, she assumed both religious and political leadership. The Orthodox clergy often assumed the role of military leaders and thus provided the people with the necessary strength to continue fighting for independence and freedom. Belgrade is home to the Patriarchate of the Serbian Orthodox Church and many Orthodox buildings of historical and spiritual significance for the Serbian people. Visit the Orthodox temples in Belgrade with our guide and see for yourself their beauty.
The presence of Jews in the narrower area of Belgrade dates back to the 10th century. Coming as commercial travelers, they played a more active role in Serbia during the 16th century. The first Jews in Belgrade were Sephardim, who founded the settlement of Jalija. Domesticated, over time, they form a neighborhood in the center of Belgrade. They had certain privileges during the Ottoman administration. During the Austrian administration of Belgrade, a large number of Jews were expelled. After that, new Jewish communities from the area of German Jews-Ashkenazi settled to maintain the trades of artisans and banking. At the end of the 18th century, a new migration occurred due to the great wars around Belgrade. During the 19th century, when Serbia partially gained its autonomy, the ordinary life of the Jews began to take place, returning to their habits. A decree on the equality of people was also passed. Ashkenazi and Sephardi establish their separate municipalities. Between the two World wars, when the majority Serbian population lived in Serbia, prosperity came. The period when the Jewish community gave Serbian history significant figures, primarily in culture, painting, and literature.
Chronicles and historical records tell us that at the end of the 9th century, Arabs of the Islamic religion appeared in Serbia. The more significant presence of Islam was noticed at the end of the 14th century during the conquest of the Turks - Ottomans in this part of the Balkans. Then the Islamization of part of the Serbian population and other peoples took place. After the turbulent history and liberation of Belgrade, we can see rare and valuable monuments of Islamic culture located in the city center or the Belgrade Fortress. After the liberation from the Turks in Serbia in 1868, the Muslim population founded the Islamic Religious Community of Serbia. The decree of Prince Mihailo officially recognized the freedom to profess and practice Islam. In the beginning, the seat was in Nis, and after the First World War, the seat of the Reis-ul-ulema of the Islamic community was in Belgrade. Today, two communities function in Serbia, Rijaset of the Islamic Community of Serbia in Belgrade and Mešihat of the Islamic Community in Novi Pazar.
Even more clues and parts will be revealed through the story of our guides.
The border between the Eastern and Western Empires, determined by Diocletian (284-305) and Theodosius (378-395), stretched across the area where the South Slavs would live. It is the border that influenced the historical events in this area and is also the border between Catholicism and Orthodoxy. The centuries-long process of divergence reached its peak in 1054 with the final schism. Certainly, the western parts of the Balkans gravitated more towards Rome and the papacy. With the penetration of the Turks into the Balkans, the position of Catholics is at an unenviable level. Such a position lasted until the end of the 17th century when the Catholic Church was restored in certain areas along with the suppression of the Turks. During the 18th century, the Austrian empress Maria Theresa invited the population to settle in the southern parts of the empire (Slavonia and Vojvodina). During the 19th century, Catholics (mainly of German origin) immigrated to the Kingdom of Serbia. Between the Balkan Wars and immediately after World War I, the number of Catholics in the Kingdom of Serbia doubled. Also, numerous Catholic buildings bear witness to the presence of Roman Catholics on the territory of Belgrade and Serbia. Visit them together with us and enjoy the beauty that Western Christianity brings.
SFRY was created as a community of 5 nations on November 29, 1943, at the second session of AVNOJ in Jajce. On the same date in 1945, the "Declaration on the Proclamation of the Federative People's Republic of Yugoslavia" was accepted, and the monarchy became a federative republic. Finally, on April 7, 1963, it was named the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It was one of the most powerful states of the 20th century, which many still talk about with pride as a state that disappeared, about an idea, about unity. It was a country that balance between the Eastern and Western blocs and remained neutral, where life was carefree, and travel was common. SFRY is one of the founding states of the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement. SFRY had respect and its place in the world.
Tour Operator Licence 069/2022
Rada Neimara 23.